Chandrayaan-3 and Luna-25: India and Russia’s Lunar Odyssey

In an era of competitive space exploration, the recent developments surrounding India’s Chandrayaan-3 and Russia’s Luna-25 missions to the Moon have shed light on the collaborative nature of space exploration and the enduring bond between these two nations. Minister of State for Science and Technology, Jitendra Singh, emphasised that there is no rivalry between India and Russia in this endeavour, emphasising their historical cooperation and the significance of their shared achievements in space exploration.

Chandrayaan-3 and Luna-25: India and Russia's Lunar Odyssey
Chandrayaan 3

A Historic Friendship

Russia has been a long-standing partner for India in space exploration. One of the most iconic moments in this partnership was when Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian in space, achieving this feat aboard a Russian rocket. This historical event solidified the cooperative spirit between the two nations. Additionally, Indian astronauts involved in the Gaganyaan program received crucial training at the Gregory center in Moscow, strengthening the collaborative ties between Russia and India.

The Race to the Moon’s South Pole

Chandrayaan-3 and Luna-25 are both racing to make history by landing on the Moon’s uncharted south pole region. Chandrayaan-3’s lander, Vikram, is scheduled to touch down on August 23, while Luna-25 aims for a landing on August 21 or 22. However, reports have emerged about Luna-25 facing technical glitches that have delayed its progress. Russian space agency Roscosmos reported an “emergency situation” that prevented Luna-25 from transitioning to its pre-landing orbit with specified parameters, leaving experts to analyse the situation.

Coexistence in Space

One of the primary concerns amid this lunar race is the potential for signal interference between Luna-25 and Chandrayaan-3 if they both land on similar territories simultaneously. However, Minister Jitendra Singh clarified that the two missions are following different routes and will not cross each other’s paths. He also pointed out that India has selected a relatively untouched location for its landing, piquing the curiosity of the global scientific community.

Unity within ISRO

What’s particularly heartening is the unity within the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). All previous ISRO directors have come together to support the Chandrayaan-3 launch and landing. This collaborative effort exemplifies the family-like atmosphere within ISRO, where past leaders actively contribute to ongoing missions. Their presence serves as a source of guidance and encouragement for those working on the frontline.


The story of Chandrayaan-3 and Luna-25 highlights that, in the realm of space exploration, cooperation often trumps competition. India and Russia’s shared history and the bonds they’ve forged through their space endeavours continue to enrich our understanding of the cosmos. As these two missions unfold, they remind us that space exploration is a global effort, and unity among nations is crucial for its success.

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